Impairments caused by alcohol are already starting at a low dose and take significantly progresses to alcohol level. They are best explored from all intoxicants. For more information you can ask to see post .
Changing perceptions under the influence
The glare sensitivity of the eye is reduced because the pupil (oncoming headlights) closes too slowly with sudden incidence of light. Most alcohol journeys take place at night. This increases the risk of accidents significantly.
Distance estimation is unreliable because the crystalline lens is no longer fast enough to switch under the influence of alcohol (and vice versa). The drunken motorist travels frequently on too tightly.
The velocity estimate is unreliable because the brain (automatically) calculates the speed of the perceived distance changes and the elapsed time.
The attention is concentrated, the so-called tunnel vision occurs. Information from the edges of the visual field (pedestrians, side coming towards us Vehicles) is perceived much worse.
Information processing Under the influence of alcohol it takes much longer to perceive the things and therefore to process the information we get.
The reaction rate is already slowing down in small amounts – the effect increases dramatically at higher levels. In perception of danger, the reaction is delayed.
The safe execution of the necessary reaction is – when they are finally done – much worse.
Influence on the thinking
Alcohol makes you relaxed and uninhibited. These are actually desirable consequences. When driving with the self-confidence and then the boldness rise. Recklessness is the result. The combination of increased self-confidence and decreased efficiency results in a significant increase of errors. Higher risks are taken into account. You should definitely think again when you are driving intoxicated like this . In this way you can hurt somebody and you can get yourself killed. Driving sober is an imperative for any driver that consider driving as a possibly dangerous activity.
For driving under the influence of illegal drugs, the limit of 1 mg / ml has been recorded as a detection limit in the current case-law, regardless of the potency of the substance. This applies only to convictions under § 24a Road Traffic Act, not for § 49 of the Federal Code. Especially many young drug users are hardly aware of this danger. Already after driving under the influence of cannabis, the driver’s license, regardless of their level of consumption, which in certain circumstances even the passive recording of the active ingredient through the breath, the detection limit can be exceeded, are drawn on a long time, often with serious consequences for the professional and personal development , This can happen even if the drug use is already old few days, as in the case of cannabis, which is not psychoactive degradation product is used THC-carboxylic acid for the detection of cannabis.
According to § 49 of Federal law an administrative offense, who is driving a motor vehicle in traffic under the influence of a set out in the appendix to this provision intoxicating agent. Such an effect occurs when one said in the ‘List of intoxicating agents and substances “substance is detected in the blood: (a) Cannabis (THC), (b) heroin / morphine, (c) Morphine / morphine, (d) Cocaine / Benzoylecgonine, (e) amphetamine / amphetamine, (e) designer amphetamine / Methylendioxyethylamphetamin (MDE), (f) designer amphetamine / methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA).
The consequences are considerable. After driving disqualifications a medical-psychological examination is regularly called before the new division. The same applies to holders of driving licenses in order to clarify whether a drug addiction, drug abuse, or a habitual consumption is present visit here . Exceptions and specific tolerance limits apply as usual in the case of drinking and driving, the impairing effect of nicotine on the driving behavior is neglected. The costs of the investigation are between 600 and 750, $ and must be paid by the person concerned.
In addition, as a rule, several quality-assured (evidential) urine screening or hair analysis are required over the period of one-half to one year. A thorough examination of the causes of drug use and the conditions for a lasting drug abstinence is recommended before performing a very MPU although there are exceptions here for alcohol.